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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all around the world and have been found in Australia in tiny numbers. Recently they've become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and many parts of the Earth, within the last ten years. .
The main reason for the increase is supposed to be due to insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are highly resilient to many of the commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world travel with bed bugs being spread in luggage, shoes and clothing. Once acquired at turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs may then be transported and introduced back to the homes of guests in their luggage.
Many hostels have now banned the use of travelers own sleeping linen in common accommodation for a safety precaution against this insect.
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In ancient infestations, bed bugs are usually found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. As the infestation spreads, the bugs proceed to any tiny crevices, which may be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Because of their color, mature bed bugs can easily be spotted with the naked eye on sheets and bedding, but very tough to view on brown wooden floors and other dark surfaces.
Heavily used hiding places are evident from black or brown stains of dried blood excrement or spotting. There may also be an offensive sweet odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour called buggy is like the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin shells may also be found near these places, in addition to living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This system of communication and the release of alarm pheromones can make them quite difficult to deal with as bed bugs become awake and fast vacate the area being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed bugs may also spread into a new residence by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a host, bed bugs will feed and therefore are likely to harbor in close proximity to the victim. In this case, new locations can easily become infested with bed bugs in a short amount of time. .
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Different people have varying reactions to the bites of bed bugs, depending on a number of variables. Some individuals have little or no reaction to the bite. In others the sting site can become red and intensely itchy. This can occur during the course of the night or may take up to develop.
The red wheals may range from 2 cm to 5 cm in width with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock could occur in individuals which are highly allergic, but this is rare. .
Discomfort and loss of sleep is common from the psychological ramifications of bed bugs. Bites may be found on a variety of places on the body. Another feature is that the bites are in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. These rows are caused by the bed insect being upset during feeding and having to pierce the skin to nourish again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but will also feed on mammals and poultry if necessary. Even though they may carry diseases like hepatitis they're not known to transfer these diseases to individuals.
The survival of mattress bug eggs is also an issue. It is not uncommon for the live bed bugs amongst an infestation to be wholly eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the location once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period of up to fourteen days and may be deposited in hidden areas that are difficult to treat. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are click here for info made more problematic due to the now smaller size of this newly re-emerged mattress bug nymph. Once an infestation is discovered, all adjoining rooms need to be inspected and handled if also influenced.
This can be completed by using adhesive tape (if insect numbers are extremely small) to trap the insect. Vacuuming can also be recommended before chemical treatment as it removes all dust and debris from the website of this infestation making it simpler for following chemical control to penetrate and in turn be effective.